President Trump issues order to ban foreign telecom gear that poses security risk
The decision risks escalating tensions with China as the two nations clash over whether Huawei — the world’s largest provider of telecommunications equipment — poses a spying risk to Western infrastructure networks.
White House officials declined to identify China and Huawei as the intended target of the executive order.
However, shortly after the order was issued, the Commerce Department formally added Huawei to the list of companies the U.S. government considers to be undermining American interests. By adding Huawei to the so-called Entity List, the Trump administration will ensure Huawei will be covered by the new executive order.
Senior administration officials told reporters that the document reflects Trump’s commitment to keeping the nation’s networks secure from foreign adversaries. And other US officials have openly lobbied allies not to use Huawei gear, arguing that the company’s products could offer the Chinese government a way to spy on sensitive US communications.
The Trump administration will develop more specific rules over the next 150 days, according to one senior official, and US businesses will be invited to offer feedback.
Huawei said banning it from the United States would ultimately hurt American businesses and consumers, and hamper US efforts to develop 5G technology.
“Restricting Huawei from doing business in the US will not make the US more secure or stronger; instead, this will only serve to limit the US to inferior yet more expensive alternatives, leaving the US lagging behind in 5G deployment,” the company said in a statement.
The proposal could prove costly to small and rural wireless carriers, many of whom use equipment from Huawei due to its lower cost compared to the next largest competitors, Europe’s Nokia and Ericsson. Most large carriers don’t use Huawei equipment.
While the executive order would apply to past purchases of telecom equipment, officials declined to say whether the government would help carriers pay to remove the gear from their networks — or what the punishment could be for companies that violate the new policy.
The order left American telecom companies that rely on foreign-made equipment wondering how it would be implemented.
“We’ll just have to see what it is and we’ll have a definite reaction one way or another,” said Craig Gates, the CEO of Triangle, a small network that uses Huawei gear.
He said that members of various trade associations have already been discussing whether there would be federal help to offset the costs of taking out offending equipment.
“Because when all this equipment went in there was no talk of these issues,” he said. “Would there be help to replace it?”
CNN’s Steven Jiang contributed to this report.